Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Theories and Methods in Media Studies - Essay Example With this underlying root, Mark Zuckerberg along with his roommates back in college found the social networking Company and named it Facebook, Inc. in 2004. Students of the Harvard University and some of the American universities were at first restricted from using the online social networking service. Later, with a mounting demand from students and the public, the social medium of communication and network named Facebook spread all over the world (Miller, 2011). Facebook has gained such massive popularity mainly because it brings together people from different countries, territories, learning institutions, races, gender, and religion on a common platform. The underlying theories of social media, social networking, virtual mode of communication, and digital marketing highlight the fundamental purpose and implications of Facebook. The social networking site allows the users to create, exchange and share ideas, data, and information via online and virtual communication platforms. The s ocial network leverage advantage of the advancements of technology together with its anticipated benefits via the World Wide Web or internet. Due to various benefits that have resulted from use of Facebook and other social networking services, the people, organizations, and community groups increasingly consume products and services of social media. The social media of networking has allowed the people to remain in touch with their friends irrespective of the distance that sets them apart. The formation of communities by the people who share similar thoughts, opinions, profession or likings have helped the users to remain together and connected on a continuous basis. The social media and the networking services are being used worldwide and widely accepted by the people in different communities. For this reasons, the social media and networking sites could also be used to form public opinions in case of social issues. Apart from the people and the communities, the business houses and several organizations have also started to accept the networking services of social media like Facebook and Twitter among others to take advantages of the virtual platform and digital marketing opportunities. The social media and other virtual platforms for networking have been proven more advantageous relative to the conventional electronic and the print media. The worth of communication, the extent to which the information can reach users, the immediacy of the communication achieved by the online medium of communication helps to attain an improved performance of networking. These advantages of digital communication with the help of internet-based services using various applications are useful for marketing of products and services by the companies. The information of the product and service could be spread to a wide range of target customers in order to complete the marketing activities at optimal cost. The shift in the trend of marketing and selling of products of the companies in various sectors of the industry have been largely due to the changes in the way of communication of the society and the inclination of communication and information exchange through the online social media. The uses of social media like Facebook, Twitter, etc. by the companies on an increasing scale are being observed to tap the potential opportunities in the changing market scenario (Ryan, 2011). The applications of the social
Friday, January 31, 2020
Reasons (not) to get married - Essay Example Therefore, overwhelming life commitment is a good reason not to get married. Considering the increasing financial challenges facing a large proportion of the global population, beginning, and supporting a family becomes a painstakingly difficult endeavor. Actually, success in supporting a family lies largely on financial stability. Therefore, it can be argued that individuals who are financially challenged should prefer not getting married (Kaetu-Smith 93). Some important people in the society such as music artists derive their identity from being single. In such cases, getting married may be seen as a compromise to the personal or iconic identity. Indeed, many music celebrities have opted to go it alone and perhaps only adopt a child when need arises. For instance, Bill Maher decided to remain single. Therefore, individuals seeking to retain their social identity can find this as a good reason not to get married. Another notable reason why not to get married is because of health issues. Whereas, marriage partners become particularly helpful in time of need, some health problems become an overwhelming burden to a partner. For instance, it is better for a person suffering from advanced stages of cancer or AIDS to remain
Thursday, January 23, 2020
In the ongoing debate about which factor has more of an influence on human behavior and intelligence, certain methodologies have been used to determine this in several different studies. The genetic component is made up of additive and non-additive components. The environmental component is separated into the effects of a shared environment where both subjects used experience the same environment and a non-shared environment where the two subjects experience different environments. The studies that are used to determine the respective effects of genetics and environment are studies of how twins resemble each other, studies of adoption effects people compared to their relatives, and identification of genes. Twin studies use monozygotic twins who share 100% of their genes and dizygotic twins who are estimated to share 50% of their genes. Genetic identification tries to identify genes responsible for personality traits but is made difficult by the fact that many behaviors are caused by multiple genes. Intelligence or IQ has been studied extensively. It has been found that in childhood the correlation of IQ between twins is about .5. This correlation has also been found to increase with age. Similar results have been found in adoption studies indicating that environmental differences are not as much of a factor on IQ scores. In addition to IQ several other things have been studied to find out if their cause is in the environment or genetics. Personality has been studied using the Big five traits that are commonly used to test personality. Personality disorders have also been studied as well as occupational interests and beliefs and attitudes. For all of the heritability has been rated to be the majority of the cause. There has been a lot of effort invested in finding specific genes that cause people to be a certain way however they have not been very successful. Studies have been conducted to determine the effects of shared environment on twins. Since they are known to have the same genes differences can only be attributed to environment and it has been found that twins raised in different environments do not necessarily have more in common with regard to personality. However it has been found that shared environment does have an effect on cognitive ability and juvenile delinquency. While shared environment has not been shown to have a large effect non shared environmental factors have been shown to be a major source of variation.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
World war one continued for four years across a vast and stretching from the English Channel to the northern Swiss border. In 1914 the prediction was that the war would be over by Christmas. At the beginning of the war, The Germans thought they could capture France before invading Russia therefore preventing a war on two fronts. But because of the failure of tactics they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t succeed, and this was one of the main reasons the war lasted for such a long period. It was no longer each side trying to capture the other in the war but stopping the enemies movements in trench warfare and using new technology to soften up enemy, if it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t back fire. Defense was now the key to winning the war and was far superior than the offensive. The trenches were hard to capture by advancing troops because of increasing firepower from machine guns. Crossing no-mans land was committing suicide for the troops as machine guns could inflict enormous damage on advancing infantry. The realization of the advantage of defense resulted in the enhanced rate of advancing technology. This was one of the core reasons for stalemate upon the Western Front because technology was advancing at such a rapid rate and new inventions were being introduced in a hasty manner. Many of the new inventions were not sufficiently tested and many of the ideas were not thoroughly thought through which resulted in unnecessary delays. Aircraft at the start of the war was used primarily for reconnaissance work, spotting enemy trenches and movements before a possible attack. But this alerted the enemyÃ¢â¬â¢s attention and gave them time to prepare resulting in the attackerÃ¢â¬â¢s job being more costly and difficult to undertake. Barbed wire was massed produced on an industrial scale by both sides as barbed wire entanglements were unbreakable for troops, stopped cavalry in their tracks, and slowed troops down completely. Attempts were made to destroy barbed wire with shellfire but the barbed wire is just lifted and often ends up in a bigger mess than before. Chlorine gas was first introduced in April 1915 by the German army against the French army. Chlorine gas destroyed your respiratory organs and you had a long slow death. But poisonous gas was an extremely unreliable method of attack as the direction of the wind may change at any time and return the poison in the direction of the attacker killing your own troops. Also, as with many other weapons that were developed it can only be used once to an advantage, as their element of surprise is lost. Gas masks were quickly distributed to both sides and gas was not such a great fear as it was first thought Tanks were invented to be the technical solution to the major problem of both barbed wire and machine guns. They had an armour plate to protect troops whilst attacking and caterpillar traction to allow them to cross-hilly and muddy ground. But the first Mark I tank was a weak and variable weapon. It was used at the Somme in 1916 but neither their performance nor numbers could help win the battle. It was not until Cambrai in 1917 that tanks were used on a large scale. They crunched their way over the barbed wire and German trenches creating a huge hole in the German defenses. A General on horseback commanded his armies in battle up until 1914. After 1914 telephones were working. Battles could be safely won from far away behind a desk. But though this development in communications may seem a great success, but telephones in reality were useless in attack, because the commanders didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a good perspective of the war and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know everything as they would be if they were sitting on horse and overlooking the battle which led to troops often pulling back because of lack of communications and broad view of the battle. In 1914 neither the French nor the British armies were trained for trench warfare. They had to adapt which took them several years and accounted for several of their failures and delays. French generals felt infantry charges were a necessity to win the war despite the huge advances in technology. And Germen generals thought that with enough ammunition and man power and gradually wearing down the enemy they would win the war. Eventually in 1917 the French army refused to attack any more, only to defend because of the horrific numbers of casualties lost for only a few miles gained. A term to explain this was the cannon fodder. The battle of Somme in 1916 is a good example for a shocking case of awful miscalculations by the leadership of both sides; Britain lost around 419,000 men for only a strip of land about 25 km long and 6km wide. These huge loses were due to bad planning. The men were untrained and advanced towards the enemy walking and carrying heavy packs on their backs. These Ã¢â¬Å"big pushesÃ¢â¬ which was a belief shared by British Kitchener and Haig were mere execution of sideÃ¢â¬â¢s troops as they were walking straight into machine gun fire. The first World War was the first war between two vastly industrialized economies and factories on both sides mass-produced inconceivable amounts of artillery and ammunition. Industry was under an incredible amount of strain and it was not until 1917 that the munitions industry was able to produce adequate quantities of ammunitions. Railways played a major part in the transportation of troops form one area of the western front to the next along with food and other supplies. Both sides were also both able to keep going because of the huge numbers of men and supplies continuously brought by trains and trucks. Basically both the central powers and allies were never in a drought of resources. At the outbreak of war on the Western Front, the Allies and the Germans were relatively equal in their strengths and weaknesses. Bad leadership held up many of the British and French attacks resulting in unnecessary numbers of casualties. Germany spread its men out over many of the fronts not only in the eastern front, but also in the Western Front. One argument is that if perhaps they had concentrated on only one front they may have had a chance of success as opposed to spreading out the troops over a large area. The deadlock ended in 1918 when it was broken by eventual collapse of the central powers. It was ultimately attrition that proved the crucial decider but it was a series of events and inventions that had not happened before which gave way to the end result. The submarine campaign was important as it brought America into the war with fresh troops and much needed resources and resulted in a huge blow to the German morale. In conclusion, there was no one true reason for deadlock on the western front, but that it was due to several problems. Technology advanced too rapidly, generals were not adequately trained for trench warfare. As one quote would say Ã¢â¬Å"The great war was fought with 20th century weapons and 19th century tacticsÃ¢â¬ . The war was able to be kept going due to the fact they were both vastly industrialized economies and neither side was able to eliminate the other since and the governments of both sides directed the industries towards mass production of uniforms, ammunitions, ships, explosives etcÃ¢â¬ ¦
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
He/She 7 AM. Another sleepless night to add to the collection. I havenÃ¢â¬â¢t had a full nightÃ¢â¬â¢s sleep in over 3 months. I wonder what itÃ¢â¬â¢s like, to be able to get to sleep without your thoughts circling around in your head like a swarm of angry bees. I guess thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what I deserve for being this way. Ã¢â¬Å"Ellie,Ã¢â¬ my dad yells from the kitchen downstairs, Ã¢â¬Å"Get down here, breakfast is ready!Ã¢â¬ I yell back, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Elijah, dad!Ã¢â¬ I trudge down the stairs in my pajamas, a band tee and plaid bottoms. As I reach the bottom of the stairs, I hear my mom fumbling with some pots and pans, trying to make some eggs. I can tell it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going as she had hoped. When I enter the kitchen, I walk over to my seat and eat my Ã¢â¬Å"deliciousÃ¢â¬ eggs. After breakfast, I walkÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When I am done, it is very hard to breathe, which is completely normal for me. At least I have a flat chest. IÃ¢â¬Ëll put up with anything, my sides bruising or my armpits bleeding, to look as much like a man as possible. I finish getting ready by putting on a grey and black plaid shirt and some baggy jeans, a normal outfit of mine. Now, itÃ¢â¬â¢s finally time to go to the bus. I slowly walk through the sparkling snow to get to my bus stop. All I can hear is the wind whistling through the trees and my feet crunching in the snow. When I get to my stop, I can see the bus starting get closer. I pull out a book and get ready for the hour long bus ride. It was a pretty normal day at school, lots of homework and little fun. When I get home, I immediately go back to my room. I get out a notebook and start scribbling down all of my thoughts. I write down everything about how I have felt for what seems like forever. I tear out the sheet, carefully fold it into a small square, and put it into my pocket. I have something very important to do, which I have been worrying about all day. I then go to my closet and get out a very large backpack. In it, I pack three shirts, two pairs of pants, my notebook, and a pen, just in case something goes wrong. I also grab my phone and put it into my pocket next to the piece of paper. As I slowly walk down the stairs, I notice that the house is eerily quiet. Even though I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think anybody is around, I walk silently, making
Monday, December 30, 2019
Eunice promoted the idea of involving those with intellectual disabilities in physical activities and competition opportunities. Camp Shriver later on became an annual event funded by Kennedy Foundation, who gave grants to recreation departments, universities and community centers to hold other similar camps. Social issues The main aim of Special Olympics has been to improve the social lives. The Special Olympics has transformed the world and brought light especially those with intellectual disabilities so as to prevent them from being kept in dark rooms and being locked indoors. Special Olympics have removed the pride of countries like Russia, who claimed they did not have people with intellectual disabilities yet they managed to send 190 athletes to Shanghai to take part. Special Olympics have encouraged global movement and bring together communities all over the world by pulling them together so as to raise funds for the athletes. In addition, the Special Olympics have opened the eyes of the world to those who were intellectually disabled and will also do so in the future generation. Educational importance Special Olympics have had various educational importances. We will write a custom essay sample on Special Olympics or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now For instance, through Special Olympics, children get to take part in games and activities that nurture motor skills and hand-eye coordination. It n also be seen that young athletes who take part enhances their social skills. Confidence boost allows them to play and also talk with other children on the playing field and other places. It has also been found that special Olympic activities have an effect of assisting children with intellectual disabilities to learn practices and approaches to learning, in addition to how to follow rules and regulations. Historical trends As mentioned before, Special Olympics was started way back in 1962 by Eunice Kennedy since she was concerned about the children who were intellectually challenged and had nowhere to play. Eunice promoted the idea of involving those with intellectual disabilities in physical activities and competition opportunities. Camp Shriver later on became an annual event funded by Kennedy Foundation, who gave grants to recreation departments, universities and community centers to hold other similar camps. The first world Special Olympic Games was held Chicago in 1968 at Soldier Field where one thousand athletes from US and Canada competed for the first time in history. Although some few fans disapproved the efforts being put by Ms. Kennedy, the camp she initiated later on became a successful and created a spark of hope for those who had intellectual disabilities together with their families.
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Human form for many years has been discussed and always been a common subject of visual art. The earliest known representations of the human body come from Europe and date to between 25,000 and 12,000 years ago. Current attitudes recognize the beauty and artistry in these objects and make the initial categories of classification obsolete. The objects are now all grouped together as Ã¢â¬ËHuman Form in ArtÃ¢â¬â¢. They display enormous diversity in materials, techniques, function, beliefs, and notions of beauty. While people of a century or more ago would have viewed such figures and forms in a divisive way, they may now be seen to highlight the shared humanity of the cultures represented. Because art is a means of communicating human experiences, human bodies are naturally depicted. In numerous cultures, human forms are found on functional everyday objects, illustrated in decorative ways, used for religious and ritual purposes, or produced to reinforce notions of the ideal form, but is it the same for a photography? According to Elizabeth Opalenik, a photographic artist and a Juror of an exhibition named the Human Form, explains the simplicity but at the same time complicity of the body in art. Viewing the human body photographed in abstraction is an innately challenging experience. It is sensual and familiar, yet disconcerting and foreign. Also, she explains that the human form is beautiful, complex, and remarkable. Though the only media that can capture that texture and the senseShow MoreRelatedArt as a Mirror of Society678 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesART AS A MIRROR OF SOCIETY Art is seen as mirror of our society. It is therefore a source of communication put into meaning by ones ideology and inspiration, which allows us to related to Art in our own way. Visual Arts evokes conversation and seeks to solve problems of creativity and visual communication which has become a dominant global, social, racial, political, religious and capitalist force. The commercialization and commodification of this Visual Art shapes perceptions of visual culturesRead MoreVisual Arts : Visual Art Essay1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVisual Arts- an introduction Visual Art plays a vital role in shaping our culture and everyday experience. What makes a painting work? What inspires a sculptor to create? What makes a poster attractive? What draws the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention to a magazine on a newsstand? How to create harmony in our living spaces? The content of Visual arts are affected by many factors, including the language used and media of visual communication, historical and social forces, and the evolution of new modes of expressionRead MoreImplementing Core Tested Programs For Schools1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInstructional time is important, especially in the fine arts. In order to have an arts program with the tangible results and benefits previously explained, elementary students require to have at least 50 hours of instructional time in order to give them a solid base in art disciplines (Good, 374). The schools who would prefer to focus their resources on the Core tested programs will see improvement in the Core areas, but there ar e other subjects that leave a footprint along the beach of test scoresRead MoreArts Integrated Into The Curriculum931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesUniversity Of West Florida Arts Integrated Into the Curriculum Who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t love to have fun while they are learning? While most would answer that with a yes some may say, there is no way to make learning fun. The arts consist of dance, music, visual arts, or even theater. If we used the fine arts to teach the core subjects (math, science, or language arts) you might just realize that learning can be fun. Art integration sometimes is not used due to lack of funding, or even teacher experience thatRead MoreThe Importance of Visual Literacy1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVisual literacy, as defined by The Association of College and Research Libraries Image Resources Interest Group, Ã¢â¬Å"Is a set of abilities that enables an individual to effectively find, interpret, evaluate, use, and create images and visual media.Ã¢â¬ (ACRL). While the concept itself, as well as awareness of its role in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday lives is increasingly widespread, itsÃ¢â¬â¢ worth is still highly debated. It is evident in our daily lives, messages conveyed through billboards, television advertisementsRead MoreCapturing Students Attention with Artisitc Depiction of Historical Events655 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesstates that using art in social studies requires moving beyond art appreciation toward nurturing a higher awareness level of inference and critical interpretation. In order to assist students in this process, the authors for this article have developed a scaffolding method (REED-LO) that supports the interpretation of a work of art and a Web 2.0 tool that is a freely-available Web-based Art Interactive Tool (WAIT) that enables students to virtually visit the selected works of art from a museum. AlthoughRead MoreThe Futurist Movement Of Art1172 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Futurist movement of art has been regarded as a movement of Ã¢â¬Å"artistic rupture. It was the rupture of the already existing genres and verse forms, categories such as Ã¢â¬Å"proseÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"verseÃ¢â¬ , and also phenomenaÃ¢â¬â¢s like Ã¢â¬Å"artÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"lifeÃ¢â¬ were put to questionÃ¢â¬ [ ]. Futurism brought about the first collages and the different forms of the arts such as poetry, painting music and theater had started to be brought together into something new [ ]. Development in the movement of futurism brought about what weRead MoreWarning : Arts Education Is Declining1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWarning: Arts Education Is Declining Approximately 20 years ago global studies comparing student test scores in the core subjects showed that American students were not performing as well as students in many other countries and that this performance appeared to be worsening. As a result, the federal government became more involved and forced schools to adopt a new set of standards that emphasized the core subjects. Unfortunately, this initiative often led schools to limit or discontinue arts educationRead MoreHistory of American Art Education Essay1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdeveloping nation, and art education was no exception to this. In order to come to terms with the impact of Western culture on American art education, it is important to chronicle the progression of art education throughout Europe. Spanning centuries, the political, social, and economic development of European nations, each played an important role the philosophies of art education, which in the long run, affected American ideas concerning the su bject. Thoughts about art changed and evolved inRead MoreComparing Dada to Pop Art Essays1420 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto Pop Art In this essay I will compare the Dada and Pop Art movements by depicting the characteristics of each art period, their style and social conditions that may have influenced the creation of each movement. The essay will describe the relationship between the Dada and Pop Art movements. The essay will show their similarities, differences, and the reason why Pop Art did not continue with the Dada tradition although Pop Art also utilized everyday objects as subjects to create art just like